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If you have interest in exploring the baseband data in detail, the following things can be tried:
The utility m5spec can read baseband data and generate spectra. The program and output text file containing the spectrum is documented in Reference Manual sections 5.50. This program works on many varieties of VLBA baseband data (including the Mark5B data in the first dataset), but does not work on VDIF data with multiple threads (e.g., from the second dataset). The dataformat parameter appropriate for dataset 1 data is Mark5B-2048-16-2, and a complete command to generate spectra with 500 spectral points per baseband channel is:
m5spec /XXX/YYY.ZZZ 500 2000 spec.out
Here the number 2000 is the number of FFT frames to process. Increasing that number will lead to more averaging and a spectrum with higher signal to noise.
The gnuplot program can be used to plot the data. First start gnuplot in a terminal:
Then at the prompt you can issue plotting commands such as:
p 'spec.out' u 1:2 w l
Column 1 (identified in the 1:2 parameter) is the spectral point frequency offset (starting at 0 and extending to the bandwidth of the channel) and column 2 is amplitude data for the first baseband channel. There should be three features of note:
It might be instructive to step through the 16 baseband channels to see what real data looks like.