|The Australia Telescope National Facility Colloquium|
|15:00-16:00 Mon 04 Nov 2013|
James Jackson Colloquium -- The Millimeter Astronomy Legacy Team 90 GHz Survey (MALT 90)
I present results from the recently completed MALT 90 Survey, a multi-line survey of molecular emission from dense, high-mass star-forming clumps. MALT90 uses the Mopra 22-m telescope to map 16 molecular lines simultaneously toward a sample of 2,000 dense molecular clumps identified by the 870 micron ATLASGAL continuum survey. I will describe three results: (1) a technique to find distances and Galactic structure. The star forming cores delineate spiral arms, and we have discovered the heretofore missing segment of the Scutum-Centaurus arm on the far side of the Galaxy; (2) compelling evidence for changing physical and chemical conditions of star-forming clumps as they evolve from cold "pre-stellar" phase, to accreting "protostellar phases", and on to full-fledged high-mass main sequence stars. A preliminary evolutionary scheme based on mid-infrared properties is confirmed. The temperature increases monotonically, and we see significant changes in chemistry, in particular the HCN/HNC and N2H+/HCO+ abundance ratios; and (3) the extension of the Gao and Solomon relation between molecular line and infrared luminosity, first established for entire galaxies, to the scale of individual cores.
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